菜鳥請教大俠們 : 請問怎麼實現一個數據庫的連結池啊 ?

fzarrow 2002-05-13 05:46:29
可不可以給出代碼 .
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ppdy 2002-05-18
我只会用WEBLOGIC,TOMCAT就……呵呵,不是很了解。不好意思。
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rigid_kid 2002-05-18
下面是connection pool 的代码,自己好好研究一下下了。我也在看。

一个这样的bean,应该在什么地方都好使,我用的是Tom猫


package yourpackagename;

import java.sql.*;
import java.util.*;

/** A class for preal locating, recycling, and managing
* JDBC connections.
* <P>
* Taken from Core Servlets and JavaServer Pages
* from Prentice Hall and Sun Microsystems Press,
* http://www.coreservlets.com/.
* © 2000 Marty Hall; may be freely used or adapted.
*/

public class ConnectionPool implements Runnable {
private String driver, url, username, password;
private int maxConnections;
private boolean waitIfBusy;
private Vector availableConnections, busyConnections;
private boolean connectionPending = false;

public ConnectionPool(String driver, String url,
String username, String password,
int initialConnections,
int maxConnections,
boolean waitIfBusy)
throws SQLException {
this.driver = driver;
this.url = url;
this.username = username;
this.password = password;
this.maxConnections = maxConnections;
this.waitIfBusy = waitIfBusy;
if (initialConnections > maxConnections) {
initialConnections = maxConnections;
}
availableConnections = new Vector(initialConnections);
busyConnections = new Vector();
for(int i=0; i<initialConnections; i++) {
availableConnections.addElement(makeNewConnection());
}
}

public synchronized Connection getConnection()
throws SQLException {
if (!availableConnections.isEmpty()) {
Connection existingConnection =
(Connection)availableConnections.lastElement();
int lastIndex = availableConnections.size() - 1;
availableConnections.removeElementAt(lastIndex);
// If connection on available list is closed (e.g.,
// it timed out), then remove it from available list
// and repeat the process of obtaining a connection.
// Also wake up threads that were waiting for a
// connection because maxConnection limit was reached.
if (existingConnection.isClosed()) {
notifyAll(); // Freed up a spot for anybody waiting
return(getConnection());
} else {
busyConnections.addElement(existingConnection);
return(existingConnection);
}
} else {

// Three possible cases:
// 1) You haven't reached maxConnections limit. So
// establish one in the background if there isn't
// already one pending, then wait for
// the next available connection (whether or not
// it was the newly established one).
// 2) You reached maxConnections limit and waitIfBusy
// flag is false. Throw SQLException in such a case.
// 3) You reached maxConnections limit and waitIfBusy
// flag is true. Then do the same thing as in second
// part of step 1: wait for next available connection.

if ((totalConnections() < maxConnections) &&
!connectionPending) {
makeBackgroundConnection();
} else if (!waitIfBusy) {
throw new SQLException("Connection limit reached");
}
// Wait for either a new connection to be established
// (if you called makeBackgroundConnection) or for
// an existing connection to be freed up.
try {
wait();
} catch(InterruptedException ie) {}
// Someone freed up a connection, so try again.
return(getConnection());
}
}

// You can't just make a new connection in the foreground
// when none are available, since this can take several
// seconds with a slow network connection. Instead,
// start a thread that establishes a new connection,
// then wait. You get woken up either when the new connection
// is established or if someone finishes with an existing
// connection.

private void makeBackgroundConnection() {
connectionPending = true;
try {
Thread connectThread = new Thread(this);
connectThread.start();
} catch(OutOfMemoryError oome) {
// Give up on new connection
}
}

public void run() {
try {
Connection connection = makeNewConnection();
synchronized(this) {
availableConnections.addElement(connection);
connectionPending = false;
notifyAll();
}
} catch(Exception e) { // SQLException or OutOfMemory
// Give up on new connection and wait for existing one
// to free up.
}
}

// This explicitly makes a new connection. Called in
// the foreground when initializing the ConnectionPool,
// and called in the background when running.

private Connection makeNewConnection()
throws SQLException {
try {
// Load database driver if not already loaded
Class.forName(driver);
// Establish network connection to database
Connection connection =
DriverManager.getConnection(url, username, password);
return(connection);
} catch(ClassNotFoundException cnfe) {
// Simplify try/catch blocks of people using this by
// throwing only one exception type.
throw new SQLException("Can't find class for driver: " +
driver);
}
}

public synchronized void free(Connection connection) {
busyConnections.removeElement(connection);
availableConnections.addElement(connection);
// Wake up threads that are waiting for a connection
notifyAll();
}

public synchronized int totalConnections() {
return(availableConnections.size() +
busyConnections.size());
}

/** Close all the connections. Use with caution:
* be sure no connections are in use before
* calling. Note that you are not <I>required</I> to
* call this when done with a ConnectionPool, since
* connections are guaranteed to be closed when
* garbage collected. But this method gives more control
* regarding when the connections are closed.
*/

public synchronized void closeAllConnections() {
closeConnections(availableConnections);
availableConnections = new Vector();
closeConnections(busyConnections);
busyConnections = new Vector();
}

private void closeConnections(Vector connections) {
try {
for(int i=0; i<connections.size(); i++) {
Connection connection =
(Connection)connections.elementAt(i);
if (!connection.isClosed()) {
connection.close();
}
}
} catch(SQLException sqle) {
// Ignore errors; garbage collect anyhow
}
}

public synchronized String toString() {
String info =
"ConnectionPool(" + url + "," + username + ")" +
", available=" + availableConnections.size() +
", busy=" + busyConnections.size() +
", max=" + maxConnections;
return(info);
}
}
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fzarrow 2002-05-14
用 Tomcat ,
Weblogic 更好麼?
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ppdy 2002-05-14
你用的是什么WEB服务器?WEBLOGIC吗?
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saintKnight 2002-05-13
连接池好象是在WebLogic中建立的吧
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scarab 2002-05-13
你搜索一下,很多的
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scarab 2002-05-13
你搜索一下,很多的
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scarab 2002-05-13
http://www.csdn.net/expert/topic/690/690928.xml?temp=.3585779
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