linux下怎样实现与装有windows的机子通信?

wzgatcsdn 2001-05-21 06:48:00
我的机子处在一个局域网中,装有redhat7.0,很想让它实现与装有windows的机子通信,我知道可以用samba,但总实现不了。请各位大侠帮忙!
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hem 2001-05-21
回复人:hem(何明) (2001-5-17 13:49:00) 得11分
配置很简单 。

#/etc/smb.conf
[global]

# workgroup = NT-Domain-Name or Workgroup-Name
netbios name = denet7
workgroup = denetgroup
# server string is the equivalent of the NT Description field
server string = Samba Server

# This option is important for security. It allows you to restrict
# connections to machines which are on your local network. The
# following example restricts access to two C class networks and
# the "loopback" interface. For more examples of the syntax see
# the smb.conf man page
hosts allow = 192.168.0. 127.

# if you want to automatically load your printer list rather
# than setting them up individually then you'll need this
printcap name = /etc/printcap
load printers = yes

# It should not be necessary to spell out the print system type unless
# yours is non-standard. Currently supported print systems include:
# bsd, sysv, plp, lprng, aix, hpux, qnx
; printing = bsd

# Uncomment this if you want a guest account, you must add this to /etc/passwd
# otherwise the user "nobody" is used
; guest account = pcguest

# this tells Samba to use a separate log file for each machine
# that connects
log file = /var/log/samba/log.%m

# Put a capping on the size of the log files (in Kb).
max log size = 50

# Security mode. Most people will want user level security. See
# security_level.txt for details.
security = user
# Use password server option only with security = server
; password server = <NT-Server-Name>

# Password Level allows matching of _n_ characters of the password for
# all combinations of upper and lower case.
; password level = 8
; username level = 8

# You may wish to use password encryption. Please read
# ENCRYPTION.txt, Win95.txt and WinNT.txt in the Samba documentation.
# Do not enable this option unless you have read those documents
encrypt passwords = yes
smb passwd file = /etc/smbpasswd

# The following are needed to allow password changing from Windows to
# update the Linux sytsem password also.
# NOTE: Use these with 'encrypt passwords' and 'smb passwd file' above.
# NOTE2: You do NOT need these to allow workstations to change only
# the encrypted SMB passwords. They allow the Unix password
# to be kept in sync with the SMB password.
; unix password sync = Yes
; passwd program = /usr/bin/passwd %u
; passwd chat = *New*UNIX*password* %n\n *ReType*new*UNIX*password* %n\n *passwd:*all*authentication*tokens*updated*successfully*

# Unix users can map to different SMB User names
; username map = /etc/smbusers

# Using the following line enables you to customise your configuration
# on a per machine basis. The %m gets replaced with the netbios name
# of the machine that is connecting
; include = /etc/smb.conf.%m

# Most people will find that this option gives better performance.
# See speed.txt and the manual pages for details
socket options = TCP_NODELAY SO_RCVBUF=8192 SO_SNDBUF=8192

# Configure Samba to use multiple interfaces
# If you have multiple network interfaces then you must list them
# here. See the man page for details.
interfaces = 192.168.0.7/24

# Configure remote browse list synchronisation here
# request announcement to, or browse list sync from:
# a specific host or from / to a whole subnet (see below)
; remote browse sync = 192.168.3.25 192.168.5.255
# Cause this host to announce itself to local subnets here
; remote announce = 192.168.1.255 192.168.2.44

# Browser Control Options:
# set local master to no if you don't want Samba to become a master
# browser on your network. Otherwise the normal election rules apply
local master = no

# OS Level determines the precedence of this server in master browser
# elections. The default value should be reasonable
; os level = 33

# Domain Master specifies Samba to be the Domain Master Browser. This
# allows Samba to collate browse lists between subnets. Don't use this
# if you already have a Windows NT domain controller doing this job
; domain master = yes

# Preferred Master causes Samba to force a local browser election on startup
# and gives it a slightly higher chance of winning the election
; preferred master = yes

# Use only if you have an NT server on your network that has been
# configured at install time to be a primary domain controller.
; domain controller = <NT-Domain-Controller-SMBName>

# Enable this if you want Samba to be a domain logon server for
# Windows95 workstations.
; domain logons = yes

# if you enable domain logons then you may want a per-machine or
# per user logon script
# run a specific logon batch file per workstation (machine)
; logon script = %m.bat
# run a specific logon batch file per username
; logon script = %U.bat

# Where to store roving profiles (only for Win95 and WinNT)
# %L substitutes for this servers netbios name, %U is username
# You must uncomment the [Profiles] share below
; logon path = \\%L\Profiles\%U

# All NetBIOS names must be resolved to IP Addresses
# 'Name Resolve Order' allows the named resolution mechanism to be specified
# the default order is "host lmhosts wins bcast". "host" means use the unix
# system gethostbyname() function call that will use either /etc/hosts OR
# DNS or NIS depending on the settings of /etc/host.config, /etc/nsswitch.conf
# and the /etc/resolv.conf file. "host" therefore is system configuration
# dependant. This parameter is most often of use to prevent DNS lookups
# in order to resolve NetBIOS names to IP Addresses. Use with care!
# The example below excludes use of name resolution for machines that are NOT
# on the local network segment
# - OR - are not deliberately to be known via lmhosts or via WINS.
; name resolve order = wins lmhosts bcast

# Windows Internet Name Serving Support Section:
# WINS Support - Tells the NMBD component of Samba to enable it's WINS Server
; wins support = yes

# WINS Server - Tells the NMBD components of Samba to be a WINS Client
# Note: Samba can be either a WINS Server, or a WINS Client, but NOT both
; wins server = w.x.y.z

# WINS Proxy - Tells Samba to answer name resolution queries on
# behalf of a non WINS capable client, for this to work there must be
# at least one WINS Server on the network. The default is NO.
; wins proxy = yes

# DNS Proxy - tells Samba whether or not to try to resolve NetBIOS names
# via DNS nslookups. The built-in default for versions 1.9.17 is yes,
# this has been changed in version 1.9.18 to no.
dns proxy = no

# Case Preservation can be handy - system default is _no_
# NOTE: These can be set on a per share basis
; preserve case = no
; short preserve case = no
# Default case is normally upper case for all DOS files
; default case = lower
# Be very careful with case sensitivity - it can break things!
; case sensitive = no

#============================ Share Definitions ==============================
[homes]
comment = Home Directories
browseable = no
writable = yes



退出之后执行系统命令:
[root@denet7 /root]# /etc/rc.d/init.d/smb restart
[root@denet7 /root]# cat /etc/passwd ¦mksmbpasswd.sh >> /etc/smbpasswd
[root@denet7 /root]# smbpasswd hem
Old SMB password:
New SMB password:
Retype new SMB password:
Password changed for user hem
[root@denet7 /root]#
 回复人:hem(何明) (2001-5-17 13:53:00) 得0分
smb.conf 需要设置

netbios name = denet7
workgroup = denetgroup
hosts allow = 192.168.0. 127.

encrypt passwords = yes
smb passwd file = /etc/smbpasswd
interfaces = 192.168.0.7/24

回复人:danul(丹蔚) (2001-5-18 14:18:00) 得0分
我设完了,
但是我使用的不是DHCP,是静态真实的动址
1.netbios name是不是设为主机名?
2.hosts allow 是设为 我所在网络段吗?比如是202.98.88.10,(c类地址)此时是不是设为202.98.88. 129.
3.interface后面 的要不要改呢?
最后,如果解决了再加份


回复人:danul(丹蔚) (2001-5-21 15:13:00) 得0分
谢谢大家,我的问题解决了
 回复人:hem(何明) (2001-5-21 16:26:00) 得0分
danul(丹蔚) 
这位兄弟 ,很不好意思 , 今天下午我们有看论坛上的东西, 因为我比较忙。
你的问题解决了, 我也很高兴。

netbios name = denet7
workgroup = denetgroup
hosts allow = 192.168.0. 127.

encrypt passwords = yes
smb passwd file = /etc/smbpasswd
interfaces = 192.168.0.7/24


但是我使用的不是DHCP,是静态真实的动址
1.netbios name是不是设为主机名?
2.hosts allow 是设为 我所在网络段吗?比如是202.98.88.10,(c类地址)此时是不是设为202.98.88. 129.
3.interface后面 的要不要改呢? (当然是要改的是 你的机器地址/24 表示C类地址。)
最后,如果解决了再加份

我所提到的部分都是需要注意的 呵呵, 否则我就不会贴出来让你看了。


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hem 2001-05-21
怎么会实现不了呢
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