SQL 查询问题 请大家帮忙

ZhenLifang_s 2010-10-20 11:34:04
我有一个查询问题如下,请大家帮帮忙:

select distinct Id, name,value from XXX.
因为不同的name会有相同的Id,所以出来的结果Id依旧不是唯一的,想问一下有什么办法可以只任意取唯一的Id记录吗,
比如:
Id name value
1 a 1.1
1 b 1.2
1 c 1.1

结果是:我想取任意一条记录

急用。。先谢谢啦
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claro 2010-10-20
估计shi没敢抢。
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dawugui 2010-10-20
此贴难道大家抢漏了?
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dawugui 2010-10-20
select t.* from tb t where name = (select min(name) from tb where id = t.id)
select t.* from tb t where name = (select max(name) from tb where id = t.id)
select t.* from tb t where not exists (select 1 from tb where id = t.id and name < t.name)
select t.* from tb t where not exists (select 1 from tb where id = t.id and name > t.name)
select t.* from tb t where name = (select top 1 name from tb where id = t.id order by newid())
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chuifengde 2010-10-20
DECLARE @a TABLE(Id INT, NAME VARCHAR(20), VALUE float)
INSERT @a select 1 ,'a', 1.1
union all select 1 ,'b', 1.2
union all select 1 ,'c', 1.1
union all select 2,'fd',432
union all select 2,'ggd',432

SELECT * FROM @a a WHERE NAME =(SELECT TOP 1 NAME FROM @a WHERE id=a.id ORDER BY NEWID())

--result
/*
Id NAME VALUE
----------- -------------------- -----------------------------------------------------
1 a 1.1000000000000001
2 fd 432.0

(所影响的行数为 2 行)
*/
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dawugui 2010-10-20

--按某一字段分组取最大(小)值所在行的数据
--(爱新觉罗.毓华(十八年风雨,守得冰山雪莲花开) 2007-10-23于浙江杭州)
/*
数据如下:
name val memo
a 2 a2(a的第二个值)
a 1 a1--a的第一个值
a 3 a3:a的第三个值
b 1 b1--b的第一个值
b 3 b3:b的第三个值
b 2 b2b2b2b2
b 4 b4b4
b 5 b5b5b5b5b5
*/
--创建表并插入数据:
create table tb(name varchar(10),val int,memo varchar(20))
insert into tb values('a', 2, 'a2(a的第二个值)')
insert into tb values('a', 1, 'a1--a的第一个值')
insert into tb values('a', 3, 'a3:a的第三个值')
insert into tb values('b', 1, 'b1--b的第一个值')
insert into tb values('b', 3, 'b3:b的第三个值')
insert into tb values('b', 2, 'b2b2b2b2')
insert into tb values('b', 4, 'b4b4')
insert into tb values('b', 5, 'b5b5b5b5b5')
go

--一、按name分组取val最大的值所在行的数据。
--方法1:
select a.* from tb a where val = (select max(val) from tb where name = a.name) order by a.name
--方法2:
select a.* from tb a where not exists(select 1 from tb where name = a.name and val > a.val)
--方法3:
select a.* from tb a,(select name,max(val) val from tb group by name) b where a.name = b.name and a.val = b.val order by a.name
--方法4:
select a.* from tb a inner join (select name , max(val) val from tb group by name) b on a.name = b.name and a.val = b.val order by a.name
--方法5
select a.* from tb a where 1 > (select count(*) from tb where name = a.name and val > a.val ) order by a.name
/*
name val memo
---------- ----------- --------------------
a 3 a3:a的第三个值
b 5 b5b5b5b5b5
*/

--二、按name分组取val最小的值所在行的数据。
--方法1:
select a.* from tb a where val = (select min(val) from tb where name = a.name) order by a.name
--方法2:
select a.* from tb a where not exists(select 1 from tb where name = a.name and val < a.val)
--方法3:
select a.* from tb a,(select name,min(val) val from tb group by name) b where a.name = b.name and a.val = b.val order by a.name
--方法4:
select a.* from tb a inner join (select name , min(val) val from tb group by name) b on a.name = b.name and a.val = b.val order by a.name
--方法5
select a.* from tb a where 1 > (select count(*) from tb where name = a.name and val < a.val) order by a.name
/*
name val memo
---------- ----------- --------------------
a 1 a1--a的第一个值
b 1 b1--b的第一个值
*/

--三、按name分组取第一次出现的行所在的数据。
select a.* from tb a where val = (select top 1 val from tb where name = a.name) order by a.name
/*
name val memo
---------- ----------- --------------------
a 2 a2(a的第二个值)
b 1 b1--b的第一个值
*/

--四、按name分组随机取一条数据。
select a.* from tb a where val = (select top 1 val from tb where name = a.name order by newid()) order by a.name
/*
name val memo
---------- ----------- --------------------
a 1 a1--a的第一个值
b 5 b5b5b5b5b5
*/

--五、按name分组取最小的两个(N个)val
select a.* from tb a where 2 > (select count(*) from tb where name = a.name and val < a.val ) order by a.name,a.val
select a.* from tb a where val in (select top 2 val from tb where name=a.name order by val) order by a.name,a.val
select a.* from tb a where exists (select count(*) from tb where name = a.name and val < a.val having Count(*) < 2) order by a.name,a.val
/*
name val memo
---------- ----------- --------------------
a 1 a1--a的第一个值
a 2 a2(a的第二个值)
b 1 b1--b的第一个值
b 2 b2b2b2b2
*/

--六、按name分组取最大的两个(N个)val
select a.* from tb a where 2 > (select count(*) from tb where name = a.name and val > a.val ) order by a.name,a.val
select a.* from tb a where val in (select top 2 val from tb where name=a.name order by val desc) order by a.name,a.val
select a.* from tb a where exists (select count(*) from tb where name = a.name and val > a.val having Count(*) < 2) order by a.name , a.val
/*
name val memo
---------- ----------- --------------------
a 2 a2(a的第二个值)
a 3 a3:a的第三个值
b 4 b4b4
b 5 b5b5b5b5b5
*/
--七,如果整行数据有重复,所有的列都相同。
/*
数据如下:
name val memo
a 2 a2(a的第二个值)
a 1 a1--a的第一个值
a 1 a1--a的第一个值
a 3 a3:a的第三个值
a 3 a3:a的第三个值
b 1 b1--b的第一个值
b 3 b3:b的第三个值
b 2 b2b2b2b2
b 4 b4b4
b 5 b5b5b5b5b5
*/
--在sql server 2000中只能用一个临时表来解决,生成一个自增列,先对val取最大或最小,然后再通过自增列来取数据。
--创建表并插入数据:
create table tb(name varchar(10),val int,memo varchar(20))
insert into tb values('a', 2, 'a2(a的第二个值)')
insert into tb values('a', 1, 'a1--a的第一个值')
insert into tb values('a', 1, 'a1--a的第一个值')
insert into tb values('a', 3, 'a3:a的第三个值')
insert into tb values('a', 3, 'a3:a的第三个值')
insert into tb values('b', 1, 'b1--b的第一个值')
insert into tb values('b', 3, 'b3:b的第三个值')
insert into tb values('b', 2, 'b2b2b2b2')
insert into tb values('b', 4, 'b4b4')
insert into tb values('b', 5, 'b5b5b5b5b5')
go

select * , px = identity(int,1,1) into tmp from tb

select m.name,m.val,m.memo from
(
select t.* from tmp t where val = (select min(val) from tmp where name = t.name)
) m where px = (select min(px) from
(
select t.* from tmp t where val = (select min(val) from tmp where name = t.name)
) n where n.name = m.name)

drop table tb,tmp

/*
name val memo
---------- ----------- --------------------
a 1 a1--a的第一个值
b 1 b1--b的第一个值

(2 行受影响)
*/
--在sql server 2005中可以使用row_number函数,不需要使用临时表。
--创建表并插入数据:
create table tb(name varchar(10),val int,memo varchar(20))
insert into tb values('a', 2, 'a2(a的第二个值)')
insert into tb values('a', 1, 'a1--a的第一个值')
insert into tb values('a', 1, 'a1--a的第一个值')
insert into tb values('a', 3, 'a3:a的第三个值')
insert into tb values('a', 3, 'a3:a的第三个值')
insert into tb values('b', 1, 'b1--b的第一个值')
insert into tb values('b', 3, 'b3:b的第三个值')
insert into tb values('b', 2, 'b2b2b2b2')
insert into tb values('b', 4, 'b4b4')
insert into tb values('b', 5, 'b5b5b5b5b5')
go

select m.name,m.val,m.memo from
(
select * , px = row_number() over(order by name , val) from tb
) m where px = (select min(px) from
(
select * , px = row_number() over(order by name , val) from tb
) n where n.name = m.name)

drop table tb

/*
name val memo
---------- ----------- --------------------
a 1 a1--a的第一个值
b 1 b1--b的第一个值

(2 行受影响)
*/
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