客户端connect失败(按照《Linux高性能服务器编程》中的代码写的)

小伟db 2017-11-12 07:02:49
我是c++网络编程初学者,按照《Linux高性能服务器编程》中的代码写了聊天室服务器和客户端,服务器启动后我调用客户端连接,但是connect失败了,想请教下大神为何connect失败麻烦各位大神了,代码如下:

//客户端代码
#define _GNU_SOURCE 1
#include <sys/types.h>
#include <sys/socket.h>
#include <netinet/in.h>
#include <arpa/inet.h>
#include <assert.h>
#include <stdio.h>
#include <unistd.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <poll.h>
#include <fcntl.h>

#define BUFFER_SIZE 64

int main( int argc, char* argv[] )
{
if( argc <= 2 )
{
printf( "usage: %s ip_address port_number\n", basename( argv[0] ) );
return 1;
}
const char* ip = argv[1];
int port = atoi( argv[2] );

struct sockaddr_in server_address;
bzero( &server_address, sizeof( server_address ) );
server_address.sin_family = AF_INET;
inet_pton( AF_INET, ip, &server_address.sin_addr );
server_address.sin_port = htons( port );

int sockfd = socket( PF_INET, SOCK_STREAM, 0 );
assert( sockfd >= 0 );
if ( connect( sockfd, ( struct sockaddr* )&server_address, sizeof( server_address ) ) < 0 )
{
printf( "connection failed\n" );
close( sockfd );
return 1;
}

pollfd fds[2];
fds[0].fd = 0;
fds[0].events = POLLIN;
fds[0].revents = 0;
fds[1].fd = sockfd;
fds[1].events = POLLIN | POLLRDHUP;
fds[1].revents = 0;
char read_buf[BUFFER_SIZE];
int pipefd[2];
int ret = pipe( pipefd );
assert( ret != -1 );

while( 1 )
{
ret = poll( fds, 2, -1 );
if( ret < 0 )
{
printf( "poll failure\n" );
break;
}

if( fds[1].revents & POLLRDHUP )
{
printf( "server close the connection\n" );
break;
}
else if( fds[1].revents & POLLIN )
{
memset( read_buf, '\0', BUFFER_SIZE );
recv( fds[1].fd, read_buf, BUFFER_SIZE-1, 0 );
printf( "%s\n", read_buf );
}

if( fds[0].revents & POLLIN )
{
ret = splice( 0, NULL, pipefd[1], NULL, 32768, SPLICE_F_MORE | SPLICE_F_MOVE );
ret = splice( pipefd[0], NULL, sockfd, NULL, 32768, SPLICE_F_MORE | SPLICE_F_MOVE );
}
}

close( sockfd );
return 0;
}


//服务器端代码

#define _GNU_SOURCE 1
#include <sys/types.h>
#include <sys/socket.h>
#include <netinet/in.h>
#include <arpa/inet.h>
#include <assert.h>
#include <stdio.h>
#include <unistd.h>
#include <errno.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <fcntl.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <poll.h>

#define USER_LIMIT 5
#define BUFFER_SIZE 64
#define FD_LIMIT 65535

struct client_data
{
sockaddr_in address;
char* write_buf;
char buf[ BUFFER_SIZE ];
};

int setnonblocking( int fd )
{
int old_option = fcntl( fd, F_GETFL );
int new_option = old_option | O_NONBLOCK;
fcntl( fd, F_SETFL, new_option );
return old_option;
}

int main( int argc, char* argv[] )
{
if( argc <= 2 )
{
printf( "usage: %s ip_address port_number\n", basename( argv[0] ) );
return 1;
}
const char* ip = argv[1];
int port = atoi( argv[2] );

int ret = 0;
struct sockaddr_in address;
bzero( &address, sizeof( address ) );
address.sin_family = AF_INET;
inet_pton( AF_INET, ip, &address.sin_addr );
address.sin_port = htons( port );

int listenfd = socket( PF_INET, SOCK_STREAM, 0 );
assert( listenfd >= 0 );

ret = bind( listenfd, ( struct sockaddr* )&address, sizeof( address ) );
assert( ret != -1 );

ret = listen( listenfd, 5 );
assert( ret != -1 );

client_data* users = new client_data[FD_LIMIT];
pollfd fds[USER_LIMIT+1];
int user_counter = 0;
for( int i = 1; i <= USER_LIMIT; ++i )
{
fds[i].fd = -1;
fds[i].events = 0;
}
fds[0].fd = listenfd;
fds[0].events = POLLIN | POLLERR;
fds[0].revents = 0;

while( 1 )
{
ret = poll( fds, user_counter+1, -1 );
if ( ret < 0 )
{
printf( "poll failure\n" );
break;
}

for( int i = 0; i < user_counter+1; ++i )
{
if( ( fds[i].fd == listenfd ) && ( fds[i].revents & POLLIN ) )
{
struct sockaddr_in client_address;
socklen_t client_addrlength = sizeof( client_address );
int connfd = accept( listenfd, ( struct sockaddr* )&client_address, &client_addrlength );
if ( connfd < 0 )
{
printf( "errno is: %d\n", errno );
continue;
}
if( user_counter >= USER_LIMIT )
{
const char* info = "too many users\n";
printf( "%s", info );
send( connfd, info, strlen( info ), 0 );
close( connfd );
continue;
}
user_counter++;
users[connfd].address = client_address;
setnonblocking( connfd );
fds[user_counter].fd = connfd;
fds[user_counter].events = POLLIN | POLLRDHUP | POLLERR;
fds[user_counter].revents = 0;
printf( "comes a new user, now have %d users\n", user_counter );
}
else if( fds[i].revents & POLLERR )
{
printf( "get an error from %d\n", fds[i].fd );
char errors[ 100 ];
memset( errors, '\0', 100 );
socklen_t length = sizeof( errors );
if( getsockopt( fds[i].fd, SOL_SOCKET, SO_ERROR, &errors, &length ) < 0 )
{
printf( "get socket option failed\n" );
}
continue;
}
else if( fds[i].revents & POLLRDHUP )
{
users[fds[i].fd] = users[fds[user_counter].fd];
close( fds[i].fd );
fds[i] = fds[user_counter];
i--;
user_counter--;
printf( "a client left\n" );
}
else if( fds[i].revents & POLLIN )
{
int connfd = fds[i].fd;
memset( users[connfd].buf, '\0', BUFFER_SIZE );
ret = recv( connfd, users[connfd].buf, BUFFER_SIZE-1, 0 );
printf( "get %d bytes of client data %s from %d\n", ret, users[connfd].buf, connfd );
if( ret < 0 )
{
if( errno != EAGAIN )
{
close( connfd );
users[fds[i].fd] = users[fds[user_counter].fd];
fds[i] = fds[user_counter];
i--;
user_counter--;
}
}
else if( ret == 0 )
{
printf( "code should not come to here\n" );
}
else
{
for( int j = 1; j <= user_counter; ++j )
{
if( fds[j].fd == connfd )
{
continue;
}

fds[j].events |= ~POLLIN;
fds[j].events |= POLLOUT;
users[fds[j].fd].write_buf = users[connfd].buf;
}
}
}
else if( fds[i].revents & POLLOUT )
{
int connfd = fds[i].fd;
if( ! users[connfd].write_buf )
{
continue;
}
ret = send( connfd, users[connfd].write_buf, strlen( users[connfd].write_buf ), 0 );
users[connfd].write_buf = NULL;
fds[i].events |= ~POLLOUT;
fds[i].events |= POLLIN;
}
}
}

delete [] users;
close( listenfd );
return 0;
}


下面是执行时的情况



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赵4老师 2017-11-13
对实际的ip port 先确保telnet ip port能通。
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小伟db 2017-11-12
求助各位大神~
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