用VB写一个定时PING某IP的程序

latola 2003-11-23 10:17:55
主要是在VB里具体怎么用ping命令
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simanh 2003-11-25
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Private Declare Function IcmpCreateFile Lib "icmp.dll" () As Long
Private Declare Function IcmpCloseHandle Lib "icmp.dll" (ByVal IcmpHandle As Long) As Long
Private Declare Function IcmpSendEcho Lib "icmp.dll" (ByVal IcmpHandle As Long, ByVal DestinationAddress As Long, ByVal RequestData As String, ByVal RequestSize As Long, ByVal RequestOptions As Long, ReplyBuffer As ICMP_ECHO_REPLY, ByVal ReplySize As Long, ByVal Timeout As Long) As Long
Private Declare Function WSAGetLastError Lib "WSOCK32.DLL" () As Long
Private Declare Function WSAStartup Lib "WSOCK32.DLL" (ByVal wVersionRequired As Long, lpWSADATA As WSADATA) As Long
Private Declare Function WSACleanup Lib "WSOCK32.DLL" () As Long

' ICMP返回的报文信息常数和Winsock版本等相关常数
Private Const IP_STATUS_BASE = 11000
Private Const IP_SUCCESS = 0
Private Const IP_BUF_TOO_SMALL = (11000 + 1)
Private Const IP_DEST_NET_UNREACHABLE = (11000 + 2)
Private Const IP_DEST_HOST_UNREACHABLE = (11000 + 3)
Private Const IP_DEST_PROT_UNREACHABLE = (11000 + 4)
Private Const IP_DEST_PORT_UNREACHABLE = (11000 + 5)
Private Const IP_NO_RESOURCES = (11000 + 6)
Private Const IP_BAD_OPTION = (11000 + 7)
Private Const IP_HW_ERROR = (11000 + 8)
Private Const IP_PACKET_TOO_BIG = (11000 + 9)
Private Const IP_REQ_TIMED_OUT = (11000 + 10)
Private Const IP_BAD_REQ = (11000 + 11)
Private Const IP_BAD_ROUTE = (11000 + 12)
Private Const IP_TTL_EXPIRED_TRANSIT = (11000 + 13)
Private Const IP_TTL_EXPIRED_REASSEM = (11000 + 14)
Private Const IP_PARAM_PROBLEM = (11000 + 15)
Private Const IP_SOURCE_QUENCH = (11000 + 16)
Private Const IP_OPTION_TOO_BIG = (11000 + 17)
Private Const IP_BAD_DESTINATION = (11000 + 18)
Private Const IP_ADDR_DELETED = (11000 + 19)
Private Const IP_SPEC_MTU_CHANGE = (11000 + 20)
Private Const IP_MTU_CHANGE = (11000 + 21)
Private Const IP_UNLOAD = (11000 + 22)
Private Const IP_ADDR_ADDED = (11000 + 23)
Private Const IP_GENERAL_FAILURE = (11000 + 50)
Private Const MAX_IP_STATUS = 11000 + 50
Private Const IP_PENDING = (11000 + 255)
Private Const PING_TIMEOUT = 200
Private Const WS_VERSION_REQD = &H101
Private Const WS_VERSION_MAJOR = WS_VERSION_REQD \ &H100 And &HFF&
Private Const WS_VERSION_MINOR = WS_VERSION_REQD And &HFF&
Private Const MIN_SOCKETS_REQD = 1
Private Const SOCKET_ERROR = -1
Private Const MAX_WSADescription = 256
Private Const MAX_WSASYSStatus = 128

' ICMP选项结构
Private Type ICMP_OPTIONS
Ttl As Byte
Tos As Byte
Flags As Byte
OptionsSize As Byte
OptionsData As Long
End Type

' ICMP应答结构
Private Type ICMP_ECHO_REPLY
Address As Long
status As Long
RoundTripTime As Long
DataSize As Long
DataPointer As Long
Options As ICMP_OPTIONS
Data As String * 250
End Type

' 存放Winsock版本等信息的结构
Private Type WSADATA
wVersion As Integer
wHighVersion As Integer
szDescription(0 To MAX_WSADescription) As Byte
szSystemStatus(0 To MAX_WSASYSStatus) As Byte
wMaxSockets As Long
wMaxUDPDG As Long
dwVendorInfo As Long
End Type

Dim ICMPOPT As ICMP_OPTIONS

' 返回状态信息
Private Function GetStatusCode(status As Long) As String
Dim msg As String
Select Case status
Case IP_SUCCESS: msg = "ip success"
Case IP_BUF_TOO_SMALL: msg = "ip buf too_small"
Case IP_DEST_NET_UNREACHABLE: msg = "ip dest net unreachable"
Case IP_DEST_HOST_UNREACHABLE: msg = "ip dest host unreachable"
Case IP_DEST_PROT_UNREACHABLE: msg = "ip dest prot unreachable"
Case IP_DEST_PORT_UNREACHABLE: msg = "ip dest port unreachable"
Case IP_NO_RESOURCES: msg = "ip no resources"
Case IP_BAD_OPTION: msg = "ip bad option"
Case IP_HW_ERROR: msg = "ip hw_error"
Case IP_PACKET_TOO_BIG: msg = "ip packet too_big"
Case IP_REQ_TIMED_OUT: msg = "ip req timed out"
Case IP_BAD_REQ: msg = "ip bad req"
Case IP_BAD_ROUTE: msg = "ip bad route"
Case IP_TTL_EXPIRED_TRANSIT: msg = "ip ttl expired transit"
Case IP_TTL_EXPIRED_REASSEM: msg = "ip ttl expired reassem"
Case IP_PARAM_PROBLEM: msg = "ip param_problem"
Case IP_SOURCE_QUENCH: msg = "ip source quench"
Case IP_OPTION_TOO_BIG: msg = "ip option too_big"
Case IP_BAD_DESTINATION: msg = "ip bad destination"
Case IP_ADDR_DELETED: msg = "ip addr deleted"
Case IP_SPEC_MTU_CHANGE: msg = "ip spec mtu change"
Case IP_MTU_CHANGE: msg = "ip mtu_change"
Case IP_UNLOAD: msg = "ip unload"
Case IP_ADDR_ADDED: msg = "ip addr added"
Case IP_GENERAL_FAILURE: msg = "ip general failure"
Case IP_PENDING: msg = "ip pending"
Case PING_TIMEOUT: msg = "ping timeout"
Case Else: msg = "unknown msg returned"
End Select
GetStatusCode = CStr(status) & " [ " & msg & " ]"
End Function

' 获得一个整数的高字节位
Private Function HiByte(ByVal wParam As Long) As Integer
HiByte = wParam \ &H100 And &HFF&
End Function

' 获得一个整数的低字节位
Private Function LoByte(ByVal wParam As Long) As Integer
LoByte = wParam And &HFF&
End Function
online 2003-11-25
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' Ping一个IP地址
Private Function Ping(szAddress As String, ECHO As ICMP_ECHO_REPLY) As Long
Dim hPort As Long
Dim dwAddress As Long
Dim sDataToSend As String
Dim iOpt As Long
sDataToSend = "Echo This"
dwAddress = AddressStringToLong(szAddress)
hPort = IcmpCreateFile()
If IcmpSendEcho(hPort, dwAddress, sDataToSend, Len(sDataToSend), 0, ECHO, Len(ECHO), PING_TIMEOUT) Then
'如果ping成功,状态返回0。
Ping = ECHO.RoundTripTime
Else
Ping = ECHO.status * -1
End If
Call IcmpCloseHandle(hPort)
End Function

' 将文本框中的IP地址转换成系统识别的长整数形式
Function AddressStringToLong(ByVal tmp As String) As Long
Dim i As Integer
Dim parts(1 To 4) As String
i = 0
'转换IP地址
While InStr(tmp, ".") > 0
i = i + 1
parts(i) = Mid(tmp, 1, InStr(tmp, ".") - 1)
tmp = Mid(tmp, InStr(tmp, ".") + 1)
Wend
i = i + 1
parts(i) = tmp
If i <> 4 Then
AddressStringToLong = 0
Exit Function
End If
AddressStringToLong = Val("&H" & Right("00" & Hex(parts(4)), 2) & Right("00" & Hex(parts(3)), 2) & Right("00" & Hex(parts(2)), 2) & Right("00" & Hex(parts(1)), 2))
End Function

' 初始化Socket
Private Function SocketsInitialize() As Boolean
Dim WSAD As WSADATA
Dim X As Integer
Dim szLoByte As String
Dim szHiByte As String
Dim szBuf As String

'初始化Socket
X = WSAStartup(WS_VERSION_REQD, WSAD)
If X <> 0 Then
MsgBox "Windows Sockets for 32 bit Windows " & "environments is not successfully responding."
Exit Function
End If

' 判断是否有支持足够的Socket
If LoByte(WSAD.wVersion) < WS_VERSION_MAJOR Or (LoByte(WSAD.wVersion) = WS_VERSION_MAJOR And HiByte(WSAD.wVersion) < WS_VERSION_MINOR) Then
szHiByte = Trim$(Str$(HiByte(WSAD.wVersion)))
szLoByte = Trim$(Str$(LoByte(WSAD.wVersion)))
szBuf = "Windows Sockets Version " & szLoByte & "." & szHiByte
szBuf = szBuf & " is not supported by Windows " & "Sockets for 32 bit Windows environments."
MsgBox szBuf, vbExclamation
Exit Function
End If

' 判断Winsock的版本是否被32为Winsock支持
If WSAD.wMaxSockets < MIN_SOCKETS_REQD Then
szBuf = "This application requires a minimum of " & Trim$(Str$(MIN_SOCKETS_REQD)) & " supported sockets."
MsgBox szBuf, vbExclamation
Exit Function
End If
SocketsInitialize = True
End Function

' 关闭Sockets
Private Sub SocketsCleanup()
Dim X As Long
'关闭Sockets
X = WSACleanup()
If X <> 0 Then
MsgBox "Windows Sockets error " & Trim$(Str$(X)) & " occurred in Cleanup.", vbExclamation
End If
End Sub

Private Sub Command1_Click()
Dim ECHO As ICMP_ECHO_REPLY
Dim pos As Integer
If SocketsInitialize() Then
'ping地址
Call Ping(Text2.Text, ECHO)
'显示ping结果
Text1(0).Text = GetStatusCode(ECHO.status)
Text1(1).Text = ECHO.RoundTripTime & " ms"
Text1(2).Text = ECHO.DataSize & " bytes"
If Left$(ECHO.Data, 1) <> Chr$(0) Then
pos = InStr(ECHO.Data, Chr$(0))
Text1(3).Text = Left$(ECHO.Data, pos - 1)
End If
Text1(4).Text = ECHO.DataPointer
SocketsCleanup
End If
End Sub
online 2003-11-25
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Option Explicit

Private Declare Function IcmpCreateFile Lib "icmp.dll" () As Long
Private Declare Function IcmpCloseHandle Lib "icmp.dll" (ByVal IcmpHandle As Long) As Long
Private Declare Function IcmpSendEcho Lib "icmp.dll" (ByVal IcmpHandle As Long, ByVal DestinationAddress As Long, ByVal RequestData As String, ByVal RequestSize As Long, ByVal RequestOptions As Long, ReplyBuffer As ICMP_ECHO_REPLY, ByVal ReplySize As Long, ByVal Timeout As Long) As Long
Private Declare Function WSAGetLastError Lib "WSOCK32.DLL" () As Long
Private Declare Function WSAStartup Lib "WSOCK32.DLL" (ByVal wVersionRequired As Long, lpWSADATA As WSADATA) As Long
Private Declare Function WSACleanup Lib "WSOCK32.DLL" () As Long

' ICMP返回的报文信息常数和Winsock版本等相关常数
Private Const IP_STATUS_BASE = 11000
Private Const IP_SUCCESS = 0
Private Const IP_BUF_TOO_SMALL = (11000 + 1)
Private Const IP_DEST_NET_UNREACHABLE = (11000 + 2)
Private Const IP_DEST_HOST_UNREACHABLE = (11000 + 3)
Private Const IP_DEST_PROT_UNREACHABLE = (11000 + 4)
Private Const IP_DEST_PORT_UNREACHABLE = (11000 + 5)
Private Const IP_NO_RESOURCES = (11000 + 6)
Private Const IP_BAD_OPTION = (11000 + 7)
Private Const IP_HW_ERROR = (11000 + 8)
Private Const IP_PACKET_TOO_BIG = (11000 + 9)
Private Const IP_REQ_TIMED_OUT = (11000 + 10)
Private Const IP_BAD_REQ = (11000 + 11)
Private Const IP_BAD_ROUTE = (11000 + 12)
Private Const IP_TTL_EXPIRED_TRANSIT = (11000 + 13)
Private Const IP_TTL_EXPIRED_REASSEM = (11000 + 14)
Private Const IP_PARAM_PROBLEM = (11000 + 15)
Private Const IP_SOURCE_QUENCH = (11000 + 16)
Private Const IP_OPTION_TOO_BIG = (11000 + 17)
Private Const IP_BAD_DESTINATION = (11000 + 18)
Private Const IP_ADDR_DELETED = (11000 + 19)
Private Const IP_SPEC_MTU_CHANGE = (11000 + 20)
Private Const IP_MTU_CHANGE = (11000 + 21)
Private Const IP_UNLOAD = (11000 + 22)
Private Const IP_ADDR_ADDED = (11000 + 23)
Private Const IP_GENERAL_FAILURE = (11000 + 50)
Private Const MAX_IP_STATUS = 11000 + 50
Private Const IP_PENDING = (11000 + 255)
Private Const PING_TIMEOUT = 200
Private Const WS_VERSION_REQD = &H101
Private Const WS_VERSION_MAJOR = WS_VERSION_REQD \ &H100 And &HFF&
Private Const WS_VERSION_MINOR = WS_VERSION_REQD And &HFF&
Private Const MIN_SOCKETS_REQD = 1
Private Const SOCKET_ERROR = -1
Private Const MAX_WSADescription = 256
Private Const MAX_WSASYSStatus = 128

' ICMP选项结构
Private Type ICMP_OPTIONS
Ttl As Byte
Tos As Byte
Flags As Byte
OptionsSize As Byte
OptionsData As Long
End Type

' ICMP应答结构
Private Type ICMP_ECHO_REPLY
Address As Long
status As Long
RoundTripTime As Long
DataSize As Long
DataPointer As Long
Options As ICMP_OPTIONS
Data As String * 250
End Type

' 存放Winsock版本等信息的结构
Private Type WSADATA
wVersion As Integer
wHighVersion As Integer
szDescription(0 To MAX_WSADescription) As Byte
szSystemStatus(0 To MAX_WSASYSStatus) As Byte
wMaxSockets As Long
wMaxUDPDG As Long
dwVendorInfo As Long
End Type

Dim ICMPOPT As ICMP_OPTIONS

' 返回状态信息
Private Function GetStatusCode(status As Long) As String
Dim msg As String
Select Case status
Case IP_SUCCESS: msg = "ip success"
Case IP_BUF_TOO_SMALL: msg = "ip buf too_small"
Case IP_DEST_NET_UNREACHABLE: msg = "ip dest net unreachable"
Case IP_DEST_HOST_UNREACHABLE: msg = "ip dest host unreachable"
Case IP_DEST_PROT_UNREACHABLE: msg = "ip dest prot unreachable"
Case IP_DEST_PORT_UNREACHABLE: msg = "ip dest port unreachable"
Case IP_NO_RESOURCES: msg = "ip no resources"
Case IP_BAD_OPTION: msg = "ip bad option"
Case IP_HW_ERROR: msg = "ip hw_error"
Case IP_PACKET_TOO_BIG: msg = "ip packet too_big"
Case IP_REQ_TIMED_OUT: msg = "ip req timed out"
Case IP_BAD_REQ: msg = "ip bad req"
Case IP_BAD_ROUTE: msg = "ip bad route"
Case IP_TTL_EXPIRED_TRANSIT: msg = "ip ttl expired transit"
Case IP_TTL_EXPIRED_REASSEM: msg = "ip ttl expired reassem"
Case IP_PARAM_PROBLEM: msg = "ip param_problem"
Case IP_SOURCE_QUENCH: msg = "ip source quench"
Case IP_OPTION_TOO_BIG: msg = "ip option too_big"
Case IP_BAD_DESTINATION: msg = "ip bad destination"
Case IP_ADDR_DELETED: msg = "ip addr deleted"
Case IP_SPEC_MTU_CHANGE: msg = "ip spec mtu change"
Case IP_MTU_CHANGE: msg = "ip mtu_change"
Case IP_UNLOAD: msg = "ip unload"
Case IP_ADDR_ADDED: msg = "ip addr added"
Case IP_GENERAL_FAILURE: msg = "ip general failure"
Case IP_PENDING: msg = "ip pending"
Case PING_TIMEOUT: msg = "ping timeout"
Case Else: msg = "unknown msg returned"
End Select
GetStatusCode = CStr(status) & " [ " & msg & " ]"
End Function

' 获得一个整数的高字节位
Private Function HiByte(ByVal wParam As Long) As Integer
HiByte = wParam \ &H100 And &HFF&
End Function

' 获得一个整数的低字节位
Private Function LoByte(ByVal wParam As Long) As Integer
LoByte = wParam And &HFF&
End Function

rainstormmaster 2003-11-24
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to 3661512(菜鸟一只) :
你的代码有问题,怎么传递ip地址呀(其实,网上有很多和你贴的文章一样的东东,这也不能怪你)
rainstormmaster 2003-11-24
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关于使用ICMP的完整范例可从以下地址下载:
http://www.applevb.com/sourcecode/ping.zip
latola 2003-11-23
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最好能讲得具体点,在这里先谢了!
3661512 2003-11-23
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PING一个IP地址(向它发送一个数据包并等待回应)

本例演示了怎样通过API的调用向一个IP地址发送一个包的数据并等待回音。
新建一个工程,添加一个标准模块,写入以下代码:

Option Explicit

Public Const IP_STATUS_BASE = 11000
Public Const IP_SUCCESS = 0
Public Const IP_BUF_TOO_SMALL = (11000 + 1)
Public Const IP_DEST_NET_UNREACHABLE = (11000 + 2)
Public Const IP_DEST_HOST_UNREACHABLE = (11000 + 3)
Public Const IP_DEST_PROT_UNREACHABLE = (11000 + 4)
Public Const IP_DEST_PORT_UNREACHABLE = (11000 + 5)
Public Const IP_NO_RESOURCES = (11000 + 6)
Public Const IP_BAD_OPTION = (11000 + 7)
Public Const IP_HW_ERROR = (11000 + 8)
Public Const IP_PACKET_TOO_BIG = (11000 + 9)
Public Const IP_REQ_TIMED_OUT = (11000 + 10)
Public Const IP_BAD_REQ = (11000 + 11)
Public Const IP_BAD_ROUTE = (11000 + 12)
Public Const IP_TTL_EXPIRED_TRANSIT = (11000 + 13)
Public Const IP_TTL_EXPIRED_REASSEM = (11000 + 14)
Public Const IP_PARAM_PROBLEM = (11000 + 15)
Public Const IP_SOURCE_QUENCH = (11000 + 16)
Public Const IP_OPTION_TOO_BIG = (11000 + 17)
Public Const IP_BAD_DESTINATION = (11000 + 18)
Public Const IP_ADDR_DELETED = (11000 + 19)
Public Const IP_SPEC_MTU_CHANGE = (11000 + 20)
Public Const IP_MTU_CHANGE = (11000 + 21)
Public Const IP_UNLOAD = (11000 + 22)
Public Const IP_ADDR_ADDED = (11000 + 23)
Public Const IP_GENERAL_FAILURE = (11000 + 50)
Public Const MAX_IP_STATUS = 11000 + 50
Public Const IP_PENDING = (11000 + 255)
Public Const PING_TIMEOUT = 200
Public Const WS_VERSION_REQD = &H101
Public Const WS_VERSION_MAJOR = WS_VERSION_REQD \ &H100 And &HFF&
Public Const WS_VERSION_MINOR = WS_VERSION_REQD And &HFF&
Public Const MIN_SOCKETS_REQD = 1
Public Const SOCKET_ERROR = -1

Public Const MAX_WSADescription = 256
Public Const MAX_WSASYSStatus = 128

Public Type ICMP_OPTIONS
Ttl As Byte
Tos As Byte
Flags As Byte
OptionsSize As Byte
OptionsData As Long
End Type

Dim ICMPOPT As ICMP_OPTIONS

Public Type ICMP_ECHO_REPLY
Address As Long
status As Long
RoundTripTime As Long
DataSize As Integer
Reserved As Integer
DataPointer As Long
Options As ICMP_OPTIONS
Data As String * 250
End Type

Public Type HOSTENT
hName As Long
hAliases As Long
hAddrType As Integer
hLen As Integer
hAddrList As Long
End Type

Public Type WSADATA
wVersion As Integer
wHighVersion As Integer
szDescription(0 To MAX_WSADescription) As Byte
szSystemStatus(0 To MAX_WSASYSStatus) As Byte
wMaxSockets As Integer
wMaxUDPDG As Integer
dwVendorInfo As Long
End Type

Public Declare Function IcmpCreateFile Lib "icmp.dll" () As Long
Public Declare Function IcmpCloseHandle Lib "icmp.dll" (ByVal IcmpHandle As Long) As Long
Public Declare Function IcmpSendEcho Lib "icmp.dll" (ByVal IcmpHandle As Long, ByVal DestinationAddress As Long, ByVal RequestData As String, ByVal RequestSize As Integer, ByVal RequestOptions As Long, ReplyBuffer As ICMP_ECHO_REPLY, ByVal ReplySize As Long, ByVal Timeout As Long) As Long
Public Declare Function WSAGetLastError Lib "WSOCK32.DLL" () As Long
Public Declare Function WSAStartup Lib "WSOCK32.DLL" (ByVal wVersionRequired As Long, lpWSADATA As WSADATA) As Long
Public Declare Function WSACleanup Lib "WSOCK32.DLL" () As Long
Public Declare Function gethostname Lib "WSOCK32.DLL" (ByVal szHost As String, ByVal dwHostLen As Long) As Long
Public Declare Function gethostbyname Lib "WSOCK32.DLL" (ByVal szHost As String) As Long
Public Declare Sub RtlMoveMemory Lib "kernel32" (hpvDest As Any, ByVal hpvSource As Long, ByVal cbCopy As Long)

Public Function GetStatusCode(status As Long) As String

Dim msg As String

Select Case status
Case IP_SUCCESS: msg = "ip success"
Case IP_BUF_TOO_SMALL: msg = "ip buf too_small"
Case IP_DEST_NET_UNREACHABLE: msg = "ip dest net unreachable"
Case IP_DEST_HOST_UNREACHABLE: msg = "ip dest host unreachable"
Case IP_DEST_PROT_UNREACHABLE: msg = "ip dest prot unreachable"
Case IP_DEST_PORT_UNREACHABLE: msg = "ip dest port unreachable"
Case IP_NO_RESOURCES: msg = "ip no resources"
Case IP_BAD_OPTION: msg = "ip bad option"
Case IP_HW_ERROR: msg = "ip hw_error"
Case IP_PACKET_TOO_BIG: msg = "ip packet too_big"
Case IP_REQ_TIMED_OUT: msg = "ip req timed out"
Case IP_BAD_REQ: msg = "ip bad req"
Case IP_BAD_ROUTE: msg = "ip bad route"
Case IP_TTL_EXPIRED_TRANSIT: msg = "ip ttl expired transit"
Case IP_TTL_EXPIRED_REASSEM: msg = "ip ttl expired reassem"
Case IP_PARAM_PROBLEM: msg = "ip param_problem"
Case IP_SOURCE_QUENCH: msg = "ip source quench"
Case IP_OPTION_TOO_BIG: msg = "ip option too_big"
Case IP_BAD_DESTINATION: msg = "ip bad destination"
Case IP_ADDR_DELETED: msg = "ip addr deleted"
Case IP_SPEC_MTU_CHANGE: msg = "ip spec mtu change

lengyang 2003-11-23
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Private Sub Timer1_Timer()
Timer1.Interval = 1000
Shell "ping 127.0.0.1"
End Sub

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