codeblocks给俄罗斯方块添加背景音乐

m0_72321456 2022-12-12 10:32:52

求大神详细教教怎么添加背景音乐!!!!!!!!!!目前程序是正确且能运行的,自己在网上也学了很多教程,一运行main.c就报错。

【main.c】

#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include "mywindows.h"

int main()
{
    //测试代码
    initGame();
    return 0;
}


【mydata.h】

#ifndef MYDATA_H_INCLUDED
#define MYDATA_H_INCLUDED

//界面数组
int windowShape[25][26] =
{
    //0 可以落方块 1 不可以落方块(边框)
    {1,1,1,1,1,1,1,1,1,1,1,1,1,1,1,1,1,1,1,1,1,1,1,1,1,1},
    {1,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,1,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,1},
    {1,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,1,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,1},
    {1,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,1,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,1},
    {1,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,1,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,1},
    {1,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,1,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,1},
    {1,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,1,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,1},
    {1,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,1,1,1,1,1,1,1,1,1,1,1},
    {1,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,1,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,1},
    {1,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,1,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,1},
    {1,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,1,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,1},
    {1,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,1,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,1},
    {1,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,1,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,1},
    {1,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,1,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,1},
    {1,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,1,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,1},
    {1,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,1,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,1},
    {1,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,1,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,1},
    {1,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,1,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,1},
    {1,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,1,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,1},
    {1,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,1,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,1},
    {1,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,1,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,1},
    {1,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,1,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,1},
    {1,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,1,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,1},
    {1,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,1,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,1},
    {1,1,1,1,1,1,1,1,1,1,1,1,1,1,1,1,1,1,1,1,1,1,1,1,1,1},

};
//方块数组
//一维存储有几种方块,二维存储每种方块有几种形状,三维、四维存储每种具体方法
int blockShape[7][4][4][4]=
{
    {//T
    {{1,1,1,0},{0,1,0,0},{0,0,0,0},{0,0,0,0}},
    {{0,1,0,0},{1,1,0,0},{0,1,0,0},{0,0,0,0}},
    {{0,1,0,0},{0,1,1,0},{0,0,0,0},{0,0,0,0}},
    {{1,0,0,0},{1,1,0,0},{1,0,0,0},{0,0,0,0}}
    },

    {//I
    {{1,1,1,1},{0,0,0,0},{0,0,0,0},{0,0,0,0}},
    {{1,0,0,0},{1,0,0,0},{1,0,0,0},{1,0,0,0}},
    {{1,1,0,0},{1,0,0,0},{1,0,0,0},{0,0,0,0}},
    {{1,1,1,0},{0,0,1,0},{0,0,0,0},{0,0,0,0}}
    },

    {//J
    {{0,1,0,0},{0,1,0,0},{1,1,0,0},{0,0,0,0}},
    {{1,0,0,0},{1,1,1,0},{0,0,0,0},{0,0,0,0}},
    {{1,1,0,0},{1,0,0,0},{1,0,0,0},{0,0,0,0}},
    {{1,1,1,0},{0,0,1,0},{0,0,0,0},{0,0,0,0}}
    },

    {//L
    {{1,0,0,0},{1,0,0,0},{1,1,0,0},{0,0,0,0}},
    {{1,1,1,0},{1,0,0,0},{0,0,0,0},{0,0,0,0}},
    {{1,1,0,0},{0,1,0,0},{0,0,0,0},{0,0,0,0}},
    {{0,0,1,0},{1,1,1,0},{0,0,0,0},{0,0,0,0}}
    },

    {//S
    {{0,1,1,0},{1,1,0,0},{0,0,0,0},{0,0,0,0}},
    {{1,0,0,0},{1,1,0,0},{0,1,0,0},{0,0,0,0}},
    {{0,1,1,0},{1,1,0,0},{0,0,0,0},{0,0,0,0}},
    {{1,0,0,0},{1,1,0,0},{0,1,0,0},{0,0,0,0}}
    },

    {//Z
    {{1,1,0,0},{0,1,1,0},{0,0,0,0},{0,0,0,0}},
    {{0,1,0,0},{1,1,0,0},{1,0,0,0},{0,0,0,0}},
    {{1,1,0,0},{0,1,1,0},{0,0,0,0},{0,0,0,0}},
    {{0,1,0,0},{1,1,0,0},{1,0,0,0},{0,0,0,0}}
    },

    {//田
    {{1,1,0,0},{1,1,0,0},{0,0,0,0},{0,0,0,0}},
    {{1,1,0,0},{1,1,0,0},{0,0,0,0},{0,0,0,0}},
    {{1,1,0,0},{1,1,0,0},{0,0,0,0},{0,0,0,0}},
    {{1,1,0,0},{1,1,0,0},{0,0,0,0},{0,0,0,0}}
    }
};//分号
#endif // MYDATA_H_INCLUDED

【mywindow.h】

#ifndef MYWINDOWS_H_INCLUDED
#define MYWINDOWS_H_INCLUDED
//避免头文件的重定义
#include<windows.h>

//系统调用模块
//1.初始化句柄
extern void initHandle();

//2.设置光标位置
extern void setPos(int x, int y);

//3.设置文本属性
extern void setColor(int color);

//4.设置光标是否可见
extern void setCursorVisible(int flag);

//5.设置窗口标题
extern void setTitle(char title[40]);

//6.关闭句柄
extern void closeHandle();
#endif // MYWINDOWS_H_INCLUDED

【mywindow.c】

#include "mywindows.h"
HANDLE handle ;//全局变量
void initHandle()
{
    handle =GetStdHandle(STD_OUTPUT_HANDLE);
}

void setPos(int x, int y)
{
    COORD pos = {x*2, y};
    SetConsoleCursorPosition (handle, pos);
}

void setColor(int color)
{
    SetConsoleTextAttribute(handle, color);
}

void setCursorVisible(int flag)
{
    CONSOLE_CURSOR_INFO info;//光标信息的结构体
    info.bVisible = flag;//光标是否可见
    info.dwSize = 100;
    SetConsoleCursorInfo(handle, &info);
}

void setTitle(char title[40])
{
    SetConsoleTitle(title);

}

void colseHandle()
{
    CloseHandle(handle);
}

【game.h】

#ifndef GAME_H_INCLUDED
#define GAME_H_INCLUDED
#include <stdio.h>


//定义方块结构体
typedef struct
{
    int x;
    int y;
    int shape;
    int status;
    int color;
}Block ;

//游戏逻辑模块
//1.绘制界面提示信息等内容
extern void printInfo();

//2.打印游戏池边框
extern void printGamePool(int x, int y);

//3.打印分数
extern void printGL(int num);//num一次消行的行数

//4.打印方块
void printBlock(int x, int y,int shape,int status,int color);

//5.删除方块
void deleteBlock(int x, int ,int shape, int status);

//6.游戏初始化函数
extern void initGame();

//7.方块的左移
void blockLeft();

//8.方块右移
void blockRight();

//9.方块下移
int blockDown();

//10.方块变形
void blockChange();

//11.方块的直接下落
void blockBottom();

//12.游戏暂停
void pause();

//13.产生第一个方块
void startBlock();

//14.随机产生下一个方块
void randBlock();

//15.拷贝方块
void copyBlock();

//16.碰撞检测
int crash(int x, int y, int shape, int status);

//17.保存方块
void saveBlock();

//18.刷新游戏区域
void updateGame();

//19.消行检测
void lineClear();

//20.消行后下移
void lineDown(int line);

//21.游戏结束动画
void printOver();

//22.重新开始游戏提示
void printFinish();

//23.重新开始
void againGame();

//24.打印开始界面
void printStart(int x, int y);

//25.清除开始动画
void clearStart(int x,int y);

//26.动画
void printAnimation();

#endif // GAME_H_INCLUDED

【game.c】

#include "game.h"
#include "mywindows.h"
#include "mydata.h"
#include <conio.h>
#include <time.h>

//定义当前和下一个方块
Block block_cur;
Block block_next;

//碰撞检测 基于下一个位置的检测
int crash(int x, int y, int shape, int status)
{
    int i,j;
    for(i=0; i<4; i++)
    {
        for(j=0; j<4; j++)
        {
            if(blockShape[shape][status][i][j]==1)
            {
                if(windowShape[i+y][j+x-15] == 1)
                {
                    //发生碰撞
                    if(block_cur.x == 22 && block_cur.y == 1)
                    {
                        //方块一产生就发生了碰撞
                        return -2;
                    }
                    return -1;
                }
            }
        }
    }
    return 0;
}

//产生第一个方块
void startBlock()
{
    srand((unsigned)time(NULL));//设置随机数种子(时间)
    block_cur.x = 22;
    block_cur.y = 1;
    block_cur.shape = rand()%7;
    block_cur.status = rand()%4;
    block_cur.color = rand()%0x10;//16进制的16
    if(block_cur.color == 0x00) //如果是黑色就随便设置一个颜色,避免设置为黑色
    {
        block_cur.color = 0x0f;
    }
    printBlock(block_cur.x, block_cur.y, block_cur.shape, block_cur.status, block_cur.color);
}

//随机产生下一个方块
void randBlock()
{
    deleteBlock(block_next.x, block_next.y, block_next.shape, block_next.status);
    block_next.x = 33;
    block_next.y = 2;
    block_next.shape = rand()%7;
    block_next.status = rand()%4;
    block_next.color = rand()%0x10;
    if(block_next.color == 0x00)
    {
        block_next.color = 0x0f;
    }
    printBlock(block_next.x, block_next.y, block_next.shape, block_next.status,block_next.color);
}

//拷贝方块->当前方块=下一个方块,并产生新的‘下一个’方块
void copyBlock()
{
    deleteBlock(block_next.x, block_next.y, block_next.shape, block_next.status);
    block_cur = block_next;
    block_cur.x = 22;
    block_cur.y = 1;
    printBlock(block_cur.x, block_cur.y, block_cur.shape, block_cur.status, block_cur.color);
    randBlock(); //随机产生下一个方块
}

//1.绘制界面信息提示等内容
void printInfo()
{
    //1设置颜色
    setColor(0x0f);//0黑色就是没有颜色
    //2设置位置
    setPos(31,9);
    //3打印
    printf("操作规则: ");
    setColor(0x0c);
    setPos(32,11);
    printf("按A或<-左移");
    setPos(32,12);
    printf("按D或->右移");
    setPos(32,13);
    printf("按 s 或 S 下移");
    setPos(32,14);
    printf("按 w 或 W 变形");
    setPos(32,15);
    printf("按 空格 暂停");
    setPos(32,16);
    printf("按 回车 直接下落");



}

//2.打印游戏池边框

void printGamePool(int x, int y)
{
    int i,j;
    for(i=0; i<25; i++)
    {
        for(j=0; j<26; j++)
        {
            if(windowShape[i][j] == 1)
            {
                setColor(0xc0);
                setPos(x+j,y+i);
                //打印两个空格
                printf("  ");//printf("%2s"," ")
            }
        }
    }
}
// 3.打印分数
int score = 0;
void printGL(int num)
{
    switch(num)
    {
    case 0:
        break;
    case 1:
        score += 10;
        break;
    case 2:
        score += 30;
        break;
    case 3:
        score += 50;
        break;
    case 4:
        score += 80;
        break;
    }

    setColor(0x0b);
    setPos(9,1);
    printf("分数:%d", score);

}
//4.打印方块
void printBlock(int x, int y, int shape, int status, int color)
{
    int i,j;
    setColor(color);
    for(i=0; i<4; i++)
    {
        for(j=0; j<4; j++)
        {
            if(blockShape[shape][status][i][j] == 1)
            {
                setPos(x+j,y+i);
                printf("■");
            }
        }
    }
}

//5.删除方块
void deleteBlock(int x, int y, int shape, int status)
{
    int i,j;
    for(i=0; i<4; i++)
    {
        for(j=0; j<4; j++)
        {
            if(blockShape[shape][status][i][j] == 1)
            {
                setPos(x+j,y+i);
                printf("  ");
            }
        }
    }
}

//6.游戏初始化函数
void initGame()
{
    initHandle();
    printAnimation();
    setCursorVisible(0);
    printInfo();
    printGamePool(15,0);
    printGL(0);
    startBlock();
    randBlock();
    //计时器讲解文档
    clock_t startTime = clock();
    clock_t stopTime;
    while(1)
    {
        //检测是否有按键按下
        if(kbhit())
        {
            switch(getch())
            {
            case 'w':
            case 'W':
            case 72:
                blockChange();
                break;
            case 'd':
            case 'D':
            case 77:
                blockRight();
                break;
            case 's':
            case 'S':
            case 80:
                blockDown();
                break;
            case 'a':
            case 'A':
            case 75:
                blockLeft();
                break;
            case 32: //空格
                pause();
                break;
            case 13: //回车
                blockBottom();
                break;
            }
        }
        stopTime = clock();
        //方块每0.45s下落一次//两个时间做差值
        if(stopTime-startTime>0.45*CLOCKS_PER_SEC)
        {
            //blockDown();
            if(blockDown() == -2)
            {
                break;
            }
            startTime = stopTime;
        }
    }
    printOver();
    printFinish();
}

//7.方块的左移
void blockLeft()
{
     if(crash(block_cur.x-1, block_cur.y, block_cur.shape, block_cur.status) == -1)
     {
         return;
     }
    //删除方块
    deleteBlock(block_cur.x, block_cur.y, block_cur.shape, block_cur.status);
    //改变坐标
    block_cur.x -= 1;
    //重新打印
    printBlock(block_cur.x, block_cur.y, block_cur.shape, block_cur.status, block_cur.color);

}

//8.方块右移
void blockRight()
{
     if(crash(block_cur.x+1, block_cur.y, block_cur.shape, block_cur.status) == -1)
     {
         return;
     }
      //删除方块
    deleteBlock(block_cur.x, block_cur.y, block_cur.shape, block_cur.status);
    //改变坐标
    block_cur.x += 1;
    //重新打印
    printBlock(block_cur.x, block_cur.y, block_cur.shape, block_cur.status, block_cur.color);
}

//9.方块下移
int blockDown()
{
    if(crash(block_cur.x, block_cur.y+1, block_cur.shape, block_cur.status) == -1)
    {
        //重新产生下一个方块
        saveBlock();
        lineClear();
        copyBlock();
        updateGame();
        return -1;
    }
    else if(crash(block_cur.x, block_cur.y+1, block_cur.shape, block_cur.status) == -2)
    {
        //游戏该结束了
        return -2;
    }
    //删除方块
    deleteBlock(block_cur.x, block_cur.y, block_cur.shape, block_cur.status);
    //改变坐标
    block_cur.y += 1;
    //重新打印
    printBlock(block_cur.x, block_cur.y, block_cur.shape, block_cur.status, block_cur.color);
}

//10.方块变形
void blockChange()
{
    if(crash(block_cur.x, block_cur.y, block_cur.shape, block_cur.status+1))
    {
        return;
    }
    else
    {
        //删除方块
        deleteBlock(block_cur.x, block_cur.y, block_cur.shape, block_cur.status);
        //改变形态
        block_cur.status = (block_cur.status+1)%4;
        //重新打印
        printBlock(block_cur.x, block_cur.y, block_cur.shape, block_cur.status, block_cur.color);
    }


}

//11.方块的直接下落
void blockBottom()
{
    while(1)
    {
        if(crash(block_cur.x, block_cur.y+1, block_cur.shape,block_cur.status)==-1)
        {
            saveBlock();
            lineClear();
            copyBlock();
            updateGame();
            return;
        }
        else if(crash(block_cur.x,block_cur.y+1,block_cur.shape,block_cur.status)==-2)
        {
            //游戏结束 游戏结束动画\继续、结束游戏提示
            return;
        }
        else
        {
            ++block_cur.y;
        }
    }
}

//12.游戏暂停
void pause()
{
    while(1)
    {
        if(getch() == 32)
        {
            break;
        }
    }
}

//保存方块
void saveBlock()
{
    int i,j;
    for(i=0; i<4; i++)
    {
        for(j=0; j<4;j++)
        {
            if(blockShape[block_cur.shape][block_cur.status][i][j] == 1)
            {
                windowShape[i+block_cur.y][j+block_cur.x-15] = 1;
            }
        }
    }
}

//刷新游戏区域
void updateGame()
{
    int i,j;
    for(i=1; i<24; i++)
    {
        for(j=1; j<15; j++)
        {
            if(windowShape[i][j] == 1)
            {
                setColor(0x0e);
                setPos(j+15,i);
                printf("■");
            }
            else
            {
                setColor(0x00);
                setPos(j+15,i);
                printf("%2s", "");
            }
        }
    }
}

//消行检测
void lineClear()
{
    int i, j;
    int number = 0;
    for(i=23; i>1; i--)
    {
        int total=0;
        for(j=1; j<15; j++)
        {
            total +=windowShape[i][j];
        }
        if(total == 14)
        {
            lineDown(i);
            i+=1;
            number += 1;
        }
    }
    printGL(number);
}

//消行后下移
void lineDown(int line)
{
    int i,j;
    for(i=line; i>1; i--)
    {
        for(j=1; j<15; j++)
        {
            windowShape[i][j] = windowShape[i-1][j];
        }
    }
}

//游戏结束动画
void printOver()
{
    int i, j;
    for(i=23; i>0; i--)
    {
        for(j=14; j>0; j--)
        {
            setColor(0x76);
            setPos(j+15,i);
            printf("★");
            Sleep(5);
        }
    }
}

//重新开始游戏提示
void printFinish()
{
    setColor(0x0d);
    setPos(21, 8);
    printf("游戏结束!");

    setPos(18,9);
    printf("按Y重新开始 ");
    setPos(24,9);
    printf("按N结束游戏");
    switch(getch())
    {
    case 'Y':
    case 'y':
        againGame();
        break;
    case 'N':
    case 'n':
        break;
    case 13:
        printFinish();
        break;
    default:
        printFinish();
        break;
    }
}
//23.重新开始游戏
void againGame()
{
    setColor(0x00);
    system("cls");
    //初始化游戏池
    int i, j;
    for(i=1; i<24; i++)
    {
        for(j=1; j<15; j++)
        {
            windowShape[i][j] = 0;
        }
    }
    initGame();
}

//打印开始界面
void printStart(int x, int y)
{
    int color = rand()%0x10;
    if(color == 0x00)
    {
        color = 0x0f;
    }
    setColor(color);
    setPos(x,y);
    printf("■■■■■ ■■■■■ ■■■■■ ■■■■ ■■■ ■■■■");
    setPos(x,y+1);
    printf(" ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■");
    setPos(x,y+2);
    printf(" ■ ■■■■ ■ ■■■■ ■ ■■■");
    setPos(x,y+3);
    printf(" ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■");
    setPos(x,y+4);
    printf(" ■ ■■■■■ ■ ■ ■ ■■■ ■■■■");
    setPos(20,15);
    printf("按任意键开始游戏!");
}
void clearStart(int x,int y)
{
    int i,j;
    for(i=y; i<=y+4; i++)
    {
        for(j=x; j<=x+33; j++)
        {
            setPos(j,i);
            printf(" ");
        }
    }
}
void printAnimation()
{
    clock_t time1,time2;
    time1 = clock();
    int x=5;
    printStart(x, 5);

    while(1)
    {
        time2 = clock();
        if(time2-time1 > 300)
        {
            time1 = time2;
            clearStart(x, 5);
            printStart(++x, 5);
            if(x == 25)
            {
                clearStart(x, 5);
                x=0;
            }
        }
        //检查当前是否有键盘输入,如有则返回一个非0值,否则返回0
        if(kbhit())
        {
            break;
        }
    }
    system("cls");
}

 

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