各位高手,我该怎么办呢?在程序中我想把两个CBitmap实例存为一个文件...

CandyCat 2001-02-26 11:11:00
在程序中我想把两个CBitmap实例存为一个文件,并且想把自己定义的一些信息也存进去。自己定义的类可以支持序列化,可是如何把这两个Bmp也寸进去呢?谢谢各位啦~~~~~
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CandyCat 2001年03月02日
谢谢大家,这个问题我已经解决啦。。。
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Smile_Tiger 2001年02月28日
MSDN里有存储bmp的方法

在我的机器上的地址为: mk:@MSITStore:C:\Program%20Files\Microsoft%20Visual%20Studio\MSDN98\98VS\1033\GDI.chm::/devdoc/live/pdgrmm/bitmaps_7zfp.htm

主题是 "Storing an Image"

内容是
----------------------------------------------------------
Storing an Image
Many applications store images permanently as files. For example, drawing applications store pictures, spreadsheet applications store charts, CAD applications store drawings, and so on.

If you are writing an application that will store a bitmapped image in a file, you should use the bitmap file format described in Bitmap Storage. To store a bitmap in this format, you must initialize a BITMAPINFO structure (consisting of a BITMAPINFOHEADER BITMAPV4HEADER, or BITMAPV5HEADER structure and an array of RGBQUAD structures), as well as an array of palette indexes.

The following example code defines a function that allocates memory for and initializes members within a BITMAPINFOHEADER structure.

PBITMAPINFO CreateBitmapInfoStruct(HWND hwnd, HBITMAP hBmp)
{
BITMAP bmp;
PBITMAPINFO pbmi;
WORD cClrBits;

// Retrieve the bitmap's color format, width, and height.
if (!GetObject(hBmp, sizeof(BITMAP), (LPSTR)&bmp))
errhandler("GetObject", hwnd);

// Convert the color format to a count of bits.
cClrBits = (WORD)(bmp.bmPlanes * bmp.bmBitsPixel);
if (cClrBits == 1)
cClrBits = 1;
else if (cClrBits <= 4)
cClrBits = 4;
else if (cClrBits <= 8)
cClrBits = 8;
else if (cClrBits <= 16)
cClrBits = 16;
else if (cClrBits <= 24)
cClrBits = 24;
else cClrBits = 32;

// Allocate memory for the BITMAPINFO structure. (This structure
// contains a BITMAPINFOHEADER structure and an array of RGBQUAD
// data structures.)

if (cClrBits != 24)
pbmi = (PBITMAPINFO) LocalAlloc(LPTR,
sizeof(BITMAPINFOHEADER) +
sizeof(RGBQUAD) * (1<< cClrBits));

// There is no RGBQUAD array for the 24-bit-per-pixel format.

else
pbmi = (PBITMAPINFO) LocalAlloc(LPTR,
sizeof(BITMAPINFOHEADER));

// Initialize the fields in the BITMAPINFO structure.

pbmi->bmiHeader.biSize = sizeof(BITMAPINFOHEADER);
pbmi->bmiHeader.biWidth = bmp.bmWidth;
pbmi->bmiHeader.biHeight = bmp.bmHeight;
pbmi->bmiHeader.biPlanes = bmp.bmPlanes;
pbmi->bmiHeader.biBitCount = bmp.bmBitsPixel;
if (cClrBits < 24)
pbmi->bmiHeader.biClrUsed = (1<<cClrBits);

// If the bitmap is not compressed, set the BI_RGB flag.
pbmi->bmiHeader.biCompression = BI_RGB;

// Compute the number of bytes in the array of color
// indices and store the result in biSizeImage.
pbmi->bmiHeader.biSizeImage = (pbmi->bmiHeader.biWidth + 7) /8
* pbmi->bmiHeader.biHeight
cClrBits;
// Set biClrImportant to 0, indicating that all of the
// device colors are important.
pbmi->bmiHeader.biClrImportant = 0;
return pbmi;
}

The following example code defines a function that initializes the remaining structures, retrieves the array of palette indices, opens the file, copies the data, and closes the file.

void CreateBMPFile(HWND hwnd, LPTSTR pszFile, PBITMAPINFO pbi,
HBITMAP hBMP, HDC hDC)
{
HANDLE hf; // file handle
BITMAPFILEHEADER hdr; // bitmap file-header
PBITMAPINFOHEADER pbih; // bitmap info-header
LPBYTE lpBits; // memory pointer
DWORD dwTotal; // total count of bytes
DWORD cb; // incremental count of bytes
BYTE *hp; // byte pointer
DWORD dwTmp;

pbih = (PBITMAPINFOHEADER) pbi;
lpBits = (LPBYTE) GlobalAlloc(GMEM_FIXED, pbih->biSizeImage);

if (!lpBits)
errhandler("GlobalAlloc", hwnd);

// Retrieve the color table (RGBQUAD array) and the bits
// (array of palette indices) from the DIB.
if (!GetDIBits(hDC, hBMP, 0, (WORD) pbih->biHeight, lpBits, pbi,
DIB_RGB_COLORS))
{
errhandler("GetDIBits", hwnd);
}

// Create the .BMP file.
hf = CreateFile(pszFile,
GENERIC_READ | GENERIC_WRITE,
(DWORD) 0,
NULL,
CREATE_ALWAYS,
FILE_ATTRIBUTE_NORMAL,
(HANDLE) NULL);
if (hf == INVALID_HANDLE_VALUE)
errhandler("CreateFile", hwnd);
hdr.bfType = 0x4d42; // 0x42 = "B" 0x4d = "M"
// Compute the size of the entire file.
hdr.bfSize = (DWORD) (sizeof(BITMAPFILEHEADER) +
pbih->biSize + pbih->biClrUsed
* sizeof(RGBQUAD) + pbih->biSizeImage);
hdr.bfReserved1 = 0;
hdr.bfReserved2 = 0;

// Compute the offset to the array of color indices.
hdr.bfOffBits = (DWORD) sizeof(BITMAPFILEHEADER) +
pbih->biSize + pbih->biClrUsed
* sizeof (RGBQUAD);

// Copy the BITMAPFILEHEADER into the .BMP file.
if (!WriteFile(hf, (LPVOID) &hdr, sizeof(BITMAPFILEHEADER),
(LPDWORD) &dwTmp, NULL))
{
errhandler("WriteFile", hwnd);
}

// Copy the BITMAPINFOHEADER and RGBQUAD array into the file.
if (!WriteFile(hf, (LPVOID) pbih, sizeof(BITMAPINFOHEADER)
+ pbih->biClrUsed * sizeof (RGBQUAD),
(LPDWORD) &dwTmp, ( NULL))
errhandler("WriteFile", hwnd);

// Copy the array of color indices into the .BMP file.
dwTotal = cb = pbih->biSizeImage;
hp = lpBits;
if (!WriteFile(hf, (LPSTR) hp, (int) cb, (LPDWORD) &dwTmp,NULL))
errhandler("WriteFile", hwnd);

// Close the .BMP file.
if (!CloseHandle(hf))
errhandler("CloseHandle", hwnd);

// Free memory.
GlobalFree((HGLOBAL)lpBits);
}

以上可以作为参考
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CandyCat 2001年02月28日
那么,用这个函数能够把所有的bitmap都读出来吗?包括头信息吗?
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tlovexyj 2001年02月27日
CBitmap.GetBitmapBits
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