调用C程序如何取得返回字符串?

erldy 2005-11-28 05:48:53
用exec()调用一个C程序,C程序返回一个字符串,应该怎样取得返回的结果呢?
C程序其实是个SOCKET程序,返回的数据是XML格式……
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是是非非 2005-11-29
PHP 手册
后退 前进






exec
(PHP 3, PHP 4 )

exec -- Execute an external program
Description
string exec ( string command [, array output [, int return_var]])


exec() executes the given command, however it does not output anything. It simply returns the last line from the result of the command. If you need to execute a command and have all the data from the command passed directly back without any interference, use the passthru() function.

If the output argument is present, then the specified array will be filled with every line of output from the command. Line endings, such as \n, are not included in this array. Note that if the array already contains some elements, exec() will append to the end of the array. If you do not want the function to append elements, call unset() on the array before passing it to exec().

If the return_var argument is present along with the output argument, then the return status of the executed command will be written to this variable.

例子 1. An exec() example

<?php
// outputs the username that owns the running php/httpd process
// (on a system with the "whoami" executable in the path)
echo exec('whoami');
?>




警告
If you are going to allow data coming from user input to be passed to this function, then you should be using escapeshellarg() or escapeshellcmd() to make sure that users cannot trick the system into executing arbitrary commands.


注: If you start a program using this function and want to leave it running in the background, you have to make sure that the output of that program is redirected to a file or some other output stream or else PHP will hang until the execution of the program ends.

注: When safe mode is enabled, you can only execute executables within the safe_mode_exec_dir. For practical reasons it is currently not allowed to have .. components in the path to the executable.


警告
With safe mode enabled, all words following the initial command string are treated as a single argument. Thus, echo y | echo x becomes echo "y | echo x".


See also system(), passthru(), popen(), escapeshellcmd(), and the backtick operator.


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是是非非 2005-11-29
然后读取这个文件
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是是非非 2005-11-29
用重定向

将输出重定向到一个临时文件
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ryen_cn 2005-11-29
$result=exec(...);
print_r($result);

怎么显示?
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erldy 2005-11-29
没人帮忙???
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erldy 2005-11-28
我是希望把返回结果赋给一个普通变量,然后对其进行XML数据解析……
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ryen_cn 2005-11-28
没用过。。

$result=exec(...);
print_r($result);

看看
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