[转帖]驱动程序怎样和应用程序通信?

yaos 2003-03-29 11:06:39
[转帖]驱动程序怎样和应用程序通信?
驱动程序怎样和应用程序通信?
作者:Huyg

1、内核通知应用层方法:
a、如果是vxd,使用shell_postmessage是最简单的方法,但是只能传递两个DWORD。walter oney的
那本关于vxd的书中有更详细的描述,该书的中文版可以在侯俊杰的网站上下载。还有一本关于vxd得好书,
《windows vxd与设备驱动权威指南》,孙喜明译,作者名字太怪,我记不住,但是个msj上的牛人。这本
书翻译的不错,孙喜明是98/99活跃在tsinghua bbs上的vxd高手。
b、如果是sys,思路如下:首先在driver中IoCreateDevice,然后让应用层创建一个线程,调用deviceioctl,
异步调用,然后等待事件。驱动程序到了需要通知应用层的时候,iocompleteirp,应用层的那个事件就
变成有信号的,然后就可以得到通知的数据。你可以参考我的代码(附件1,附件2)。该方法同样适用于
vxd,但是由于vxd没有系统队列的概念,因此你需要使用自定义队列管理应用层请求。稍稍费劲,可以参考
98ddk\src\net\ndis\vpacket目录下的实现。


附件1、
请注意看notifyevent函数。
当驱动程序需要通知应用层的时候,调用notifyevent函数。

/*++

Copyright (c) 2001

Module Name:

devctrl.c

Abstract:


Author:

Environment:


Revision History:


--*/


#include "ioctl.h"


NTSTATUS
IM_CTRL_Open(
IN PDEVICE_OBJECT DeviceObject,
IN PIRP Irp
)

/*++

Routine Description:

This is the dispatch routine for create/open and close requests.
These requests complete successfully.

Arguments:

DeviceObject - Pointer to the device object.

Irp - Pointer to the request packet.

Return value:

Status is returned.

--*/

{
NTSTATUS status = STATUS_SUCCESS;

DBGPRINT(("OpenAdapter\n"));

Irp->IoStatus.Status = status;
IoCompleteRequest(Irp, IO_NO_INCREMENT);
return status;

}


NTSTATUS
IM_CTRL_Close(
IN PDEVICE_OBJECT DeviceObject,
IN PIRP Irp
)

/*++

Routine Description:

This is the dispatch routine for create/open and close requests.
These requests complete successfully.

Arguments:

DeviceObject - Pointer to the device object.

Irp - Pointer to the request packet.

Return value:

Status is returned.

--*/

{

NTSTATUS status = STATUS_SUCCESS;

DBGPRINT(("CloseAdapter \n"));

Irp->IoStatus.Status = status;
IoCompleteRequest(Irp, IO_NO_INCREMENT);
return status;
}

NTSTATUS
IM_CTRL_Cleanup(
IN PDEVICE_OBJECT DeviceObject,
IN PIRP Irp
)

/*++

Routine Description:

This is the dispatch routine for cleanup requests.
This routine is called whenever a handle to the device
is closed.

Arguments:

DeviceObject - Pointer to the device object.

Irp - Pointer to the request packet.

Return value:

Status is returned.

--*/

{

NTSTATUS status = STATUS_SUCCESS;

DBGPRINT(("Packet: Cleanup\n"));

Irp->IoStatus.Status = status;
IoCompleteRequest(Irp, IO_NO_INCREMENT);
return status;
}
/*
VOID
IM_CTRL_Unload(
IN PDRIVER_OBJECT DriverObject
)
{

UNICODE_STRING win32DeviceName;

DBGPRINT(("Unload Enter\n"));

//
// First delete the Control deviceobject and the corresponding
// symbolicLink
//

RtlInitUnicodeString(&win32DeviceName, DOS_DEVICE_NAME);
IoDeleteSymbolicLink(&win32DeviceName);
if(Globals.ControlDeviceObject)
IoDeleteDevice(Globals.ControlDeviceObject);

DBGPRINT(("Unload Exit\n"));

}
*/

NTSTATUS
IM_CTRL_IoControl(
IN PDEVICE_OBJECT DeviceObject,
IN PIRP Irp
)
{
NTSTATUS Status = STATUS_SUCCESS;
PIO_STACK_LOCATION irpStack;
PVOID ioBuffer;
ULONG inputBufferLength;
ULONG outputBufferLength;
ULONG ioControlCode;
ULONG RequireLength=0;
PADAPT pAdapt;
UINT AdapterNum;
PDEVICE_EXTENSION pDevExt;
KIRQL OldIRQL;

pDevExt = DeviceObject->DeviceExtension;

irpStack = IoGetCurrentIrpStackLocation(Irp);

ioControlCode= irpStack->Parameters.DeviceIoControl.IoControlCode;

ioBuffer = Irp->AssociatedIrp.SystemBuffer;
inputBufferLength = irpStack->Parameters.DeviceIoControl.InputBufferLength;
outputBufferLength = irpStack->Parameters.DeviceIoControl.OutputBufferLength;
Status = NDIS_STATUS_SUCCESS;

KeAcquireSpinLock(&ImdGlobals.SpinLock,&OldIRQL);

switch (ioControlCode)
{
case GET_EVENT_MSG:
if(outputBufferLength<sizeof(EVENTMSG))
{
Status = STATUS_BUFFER_TOO_SMALL;
break;
}

IoMarkIrpPending(Irp);
IoStartPacket(DeviceObject,Irp,NULL,CancelIrp);
Status = STATUS_PENDING;
KeReleaseSpinLock(&ImdGlobals.SpinLock,OldIRQL);
return Status;
case SET_OPTION :
// ............ more case
default:
Status = STATUS_INVALID_PARAMETER;
break;
}

KeReleaseSpinLock(&ImdGlobals.SpinLock,OldIRQL);

Irp->IoStatus.Status = Status;
Irp->IoStatus.Information = outputBufferLength;

IoCompleteRequest(Irp, IO_NO_INCREMENT);

return Status;
}

VOID
CancelIrp(
IN PDEVICE_OBJECT DeviceObject,
IN PIRP Irp
)
{
if(Irp == DeviceObject->CurrentIrp)
{
IoReleaseCancelSpinLock(Irp->CancelIrql);
IoStartNextPacket(DeviceObject,TRUE);
}
else
{
KeRemoveEntryDeviceQueue(
&DeviceObject->DeviceQueue,
&Irp->Tail.Overlay.DeviceQueueEntry
);
IoReleaseCancelSpinLock(Irp->CancelIrql);
}
Irp->IoStatus.Status = STATUS_CANCELLED;
Irp->IoStatus.Information;
IoCompleteRequest(Irp,IO_NO_INCREMENT);
return;
}

VOID
StartIo(
IN PDEVICE_OBJECT DeviceObject,
IN PIRP Irp
)
{
return;
}

BOOLEAN
NotifyEvent(
IN PEVENTMSG EventMsg
)
{
PDEVICE_OBJECT DeviceObject = ImdGlobals.ControlDeviceObject ;
PIRP Irp ;
PVOID ioBuffer;
ULONG inputBufferLength;
ULONG outputBufferLength;
NTSTATUS Status = STATUS_SUCCESS;
PIO_STACK_LOCATION irpStack;
KIRQL CancelIrql;

Irp = DeviceObject->CurrentIrp;

if(!Irp) return FALSE;

IoAcquireCancelSpinLock(&CancelIrql);
if(Irp->Cancel)
{
IoReleaseCancelSpinLock(CancelIrql);
return FALSE;
}
IoSetCancelRoutine(Irp,NULL);
IoReleaseCancelSpinLock(CancelIrql);
irpStack = IoGetCurrentIrpStackLocation(Irp);
ioBuffer = Irp->AssociatedIrp.SystemBuffer;
inputBufferLength = irpStack->Parameters.DeviceIoControl.InputBufferLength;
outputBufferLength = irpStack->Parameters.DeviceIoControl.OutputBufferLength;

if(outputBufferLength<sizeof(EVENTMSG))
{
outputBufferLength = 0;
Status = STATUS_BUFFER_TOO_SMALL;
}
else
{
RtlCopyMemory(ioBuffer,EventMsg,sizeof(EVENTMSG));
outputBufferLength = sizeof(EVENTMSG);
}

Irp->IoStatus.Status = Status;
Irp->IoStatus.Information = outputBufferLength;

IoStartNextPacket(DeviceObject,TRUE);

IoCompleteRequest(Irp,IO_NO_INCREMENT);

return TRUE;

}


...全文
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ajn_sailing 2003-04-21
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Hobbytp 2003-04-20
我帮你up一下,^_^
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yaos 2003-04-20
谁回复一下,好结了
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yaos 2003-03-29
附件2、
你需要仔细看的函数是GetEventMsg。

#include "stdafx.h"
#include "winioctl.h"
#include "define.h"



typedef struct _ANSY_IMD_EVENT_MSG
{
OVERLAPPED OverLapped;
UCHAR Buffer[sizeof(IMDEVENTMSG)];
} ANSY_IMDEVENTMSG, *PANSY_IMDEVENTMSG;

//
// hEventStop must be created by such code:
// hEventStop = CreateEvent(
// 0,
// TRUE,
// FALSE,
// NULL
// );
// when caller want the GetEventMsg exit the block,
// just SetEvent(hEventStop);

BOOL
GetEventMsg(
IN HANDLE hDev,
IN HANDLE hEventStop,
OUT PIMDEVENTMSG EventMsg
)
{
BOOL bRet;
static ANSY_IMDEVENTMSG Packet[32];
static HANDLE hEvent[32+1];
static bool s_bFirstCall = TRUE;
DWORD cb;
HANDLE hEventNew;
int i,j,k;

if(s_bFirstCall) // if first call ,let's call 32 times readfile first
{
for(i=0;i<32;i++)
{
Packet.OverLapped.Offset=0;
Packet.OverLapped.OffsetHigh=0;
Packet.OverLapped.hEvent=CreateEvent(
0,
TRUE,
FALSE,
NULL
); // manual reset,initial=false
hEvent=Packet.OverLapped.hEvent;

bRet = DeviceIoControl(
hDev,
GET_EVENT_MSG,
NULL,
0,
Packet.Buffer,
sizeof(IMDEVENTMSG),
&cb,
&Packet.OverLapped
);
}
hEvent[32]=hEventStop;

s_bFirstCall=false;
}

i= WaitForMultipleObjects( // which read return?
33,
hEvent,
false, // wait untill one hevent signal
INFINITE // wait forever
);

if(i==WAIT_FAILED) return false;

if(i==32)
{
ASSERT(hEvent == hEventStop);
return true; // hEventStop raise
}

for(j=0;j<32;j++)
{
if(Packet[j].OverLapped.hEvent ==hEvent) break; // which read return?
}

k=j;

cb=0;
bRet=GetOverlappedResult(
hDev,
&Packet[k].OverLapped,
&cb,
false
);

if(!bRet)
{
printf("GetOverlappedResult failed!!!\n");
return false;
}

ASSERT(cb == sizeof(IMDEVENTMSG));

memcpy((void *)EventMsg,(void *)Packet[k].Buffer,cb);

CloseHandle(Packet[k].OverLapped.hEvent);

for(j=i;j<32;i++) hEvent=hEvent[++j];

hEventNew=CreateEvent(0, TRUE, 0, NULL);
if(!hEventNew)
{
printf("Can not create event!\n");
return false;
}

Packet[k].OverLapped.hEvent=hEventNew;
memset(Packet[k].Buffer,0,sizeof(IMDEVENTMSG));
hEvent[31]=hEventNew;

// k返回了,就再读K一次
bRet = DeviceIoControl(
hDev,
GET_EVENT_MSG,
NULL,
0,
Packet[k].Buffer,
sizeof(IMDEVENTMSG),
&cb,
&Packet[k].OverLapped
);

return bRet;
}

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